The Reggia of Caserta:
a treasure to discover


This fascinating historical palace belonged to the Royal family of the Borbone dynasty of Naples and it was built by the will of Carlo III, King of Naples, who not having his own  dwelling and, since thought that his family above all needed tranquillity and moreover healthy air, decided to realize  the Reggia of Caserta. Not having a Royal palace, he built his old dream: “to construct a palace similar to that of Versailles”; however more majestic.

Besides  finding  itself in one of the most beautiful plains in Italy, the Reggia of Caserta is encircled by an immense park, in which the most beautiful waterfalls can be seen, the charming fountains and gardens, of which are based on English and  French models. This Garden is adorned by statues, created by the greatest partenopei sculptors, guided by Carlo Vanvitelli. The Park, one of the most visited  monuments  in Italy, represents the greatest attraction of the reggia. It extends on a surface of one hundred and twenty hecters, for a length of three kilometers, and is famous, above all, for the Fountains and cascades. Behind the striking and showy facade, the little park hides some unknown curiosities: the Caves, humid and fresh also in summer, are opened behind some Fountains, in particular that of Eolo, where the light penetrates  through the water. The immense park is divided, then, in two fields, the “The Italian Garden” and the “The English Garden”.

The area of the Italian Garden extends to the Island of the Fish farm, in which the fish were destined to the Royal kitchens; a little distant the “Castelluccia”, a kind of miniature fortress  built up in 1769 for entertainment. Around the rich and majestic park the so-called English Garden can be seen, known  as Garden Landscape. This was restored on the idea of the garden in England  by William Kent. Today, in the garden the visitors of the Reggia can carefully notice innumerable plants and flowers, which alternate from a small green  wood, a small lake, cascades, greenhouses for exotic plants, tall cypresses and  white statutes placed in the vegetation.

Moreover, a series of Fountains and works of illustrious architects and sculptures. The Fountains for their majesty were considered leading works of art and contributed to the notoriety of the Reggia of Caserta.

The first one is the Fountain of Margherita, from which the tree-lined avenues begin penetrating into the forest; it then follows Fontana of the Dolphins, whose water comes from the mouths of gigantic dolphins; then the Fountain of Eolo, embellished by 28 statues; ahead the Fountain of Cenere, which forms seven small waterfalls and the majestic statues spray the water in the air. To close the series of Fountains, before the Great cascade is the Fountain of Venere and Adone: a huge marble group where Venere is intent on dissuading  Adone to go hunting in order to avoid that him being killed by a wild boar.Around the protagonists: nymphs, dogs, children and cupids.

Inside the Reggia it’s possible to visit beautiful rooms. Within the lounges open to the public, the more important one is surely The Throne Lounge , the place where the King officially received and where the court dances were held; the astounding Lounge of Alessandro guards, instead, a fresco that represents the Wedding of Alessandro and Rossana; there is, moreover, the Lounge of Marte destined to the Officials and the Soldiers, with reliefs of divinity and heroes, in the centre part  and trophies of the Victories and the war Virtues represented by the symbols of Precaution and Force. The Lounge of Consiglio, The Lounge of Astrea, the Rooms of Francesco II and those of Murat, the Library and the art gallery, which accommodates the portraits of the King and the Queens of the family of the Borbone, of Italy and or France.


The Reggia of Caserta is one of the most immense and majestic buildings in Italy and surely is one of the most beautiful royal  representations in the world. A charming Palace that offers to the visitors a wide historical background in a rich territory of culture, archaeology and art, accompanied by a favorable geographic position, a moderate climate and amazing nature, that render this structure a reference of beauties and natural and historical resources.




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